Proverbs 10:23 #VOTD | Commentary + Memorization Tutorial (Video)

Verse of the Day 3.1.18: Proverbs 10:23

  1. Text
  2. C4C Translation
  3. Commentary
  4. Memorization

Today, C4C is studying Proverbs 10:22-32. Our desires and conduct are outgrowths of our spiritual character.

Text

23 כִּשְׂח֣וֹק לִ֭כְסִיל עֲשׂ֣וֹת זִמָּ֑ה וְ֝חָכְמָ֗ה לְאִ֣ישׁ תְּבוּנָֽה׃1

23 A fool finds pleasure in wicked schemes,
but a person of understanding delights in wisdom.2





C4C Translation

As pleasure for fools is to enact wicked schemes

So is wisdom for a person of understanding

Wicked Schemes

The noun translated wicked schemes (זִמָּה | zimmâ) means “plan, device, wickedness.”3 With the exception of Job 17:11,4the word usually denotes “morally objectionable behavior.”5

Commentary

This verse is located in a section of Proverbs that concerns “the Speech and Expectations of the Righteous and the Wicked” (Prov 10:22-32).6 The first subunit (“Pain and Pleasure”) of this section is bracketed by proverbs featuring synthetic parallelism (employing both lines to drive home the same point) (Prov 10:22, 26), while the middle verses feature antithetical parallelism (employing a contrast between lines to drive home the point) (Prov 10:23-25).7

This proverb “admonishes the son [cf. Prov 1:8, 10:1, etc.] to guard his inner spiritual state, which is decisive in determining what kind of activity gives pleasure” (cf. Prov 4:16; 15:21a; 21:10a).8

In other words, our spiritual character manifests itself in our conduct; it determines what actions we enjoy. As Jesus said, a good tree cannot bear bad fruit and a bad tree cannot bear good fruit. Our spiritual roots are revealed not merely by our words, but in the fruit of our deeds (Mt 7:18-20 cf. Mt 7:21-23, Jas 2:14-26).

Moreover, in the words of Dr. William Lane Craig, “right living presupposes right thinking about God.”9 Our actions are influenced by our ideology. And, if our ideology is not grounded in good theology, we may consistently engage in — and even enjoy! — things that are not of God (i.e., wickedness). For, despite our moral inclinations, God is the ultimate standard of morality (Prov 16:2, 21:2).

Let us delight not only in wisdom, but in the One from whom wisdom begins (Prov 1:7, 9:10, etc.).

Memorization

Memorize Proverbs 10:23 after watching a brief video tutorial demonstrating the How to Memorize Any Bible Verse in Less Than Five Minutes method below:

Sources

  1. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia: With Werkgroep Informatica, Vrije Universiteit Morphology; Bible. O.T. Hebrew. Werkgroep Informatica, Vrije Universiteit. (Logos Bible Software, 2006), Pr 10:23.
  2. The New International Version (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011), Pr 10:23.
  3. Herbert Wolf, “556 זָמַם,” ed. R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer Jr., and Bruce K. Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (Chicago: Moody Press, 1999), 244.
  4. Herbert Wolf, “556 זָמַם,” ed. R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer Jr., and Bruce K. Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (Chicago: Moody Press, 1999), 244.
  5. Logos Bible Sense Lexicon
  6. Bruce K. Waltke, The Book of Proverbs, Chapters 1–15, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2004), 472.
  7. Bruce K. Waltke, The Book of Proverbs, Chapters 1–15, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2004), 472.
  8. Bruce K. Waltke, The Book of Proverbs, Chapters 1–15, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2004), 474.
  9. http://www.reasonablefaith.org/defenders-3-podcast/transcript/t01-01
About @DannyScottonJr 168 Articles
Imperfect servant striving to be an unapologetically apologetic ambassador for Jesus the Christ. Princeton University Alum | Palmer Theological Seminary Student