“The Appeal of Grace, The Appeal of Faith” | Luke 23:32-43 Bible Study

First streamed on 3.22.23. First posted on 3.24.23. Lord willing, this will be the first lesson on a series on the so-called “Seven Last Words” of Christ from the cross. 

The seven last sayings are ordered differently. In any case, this study covers two (Lk 23:34 and Lk 23:43). 

Jesus, the prophesied the Son of Man (Dn 7:13-14; cf. Mk 14:61-64), was a man on a mission (Lk 9:30-31; 18:31f., etc.).

Christ endures a public, painful, and shameful death on the cross while being mocked and insulted (Lk 23:35-39) – despite His righteousness and innocence.

In doing so, Jesus fulfills Scriptures written in the Psalms (e.g., Psalm 22, 31:5, 69:21).

Moreover, being crucified in between two criminals, Christ fulfills the prophecy of the Suffering Servant in Isaiah 53 (starting at Is 52:13) who was pierced for our transgressions (Is 53:5) while being numbered with the transgressors (Is 53:12; cf. Lk 22:37).

But though He was numbered with the transgressors, Christ graciously made intercession for transgression.

And perhaps one criminal finds His gracious intercessory prayer (“Father, forgive them, because they do not know what they are doing” (Lk 23:34)) so appealing, that he has a change of heart (cf. Mt 27:44; Mk 15:32). He repents.

The criminal then makes an appeal of faith – not only believing that Jesus can save him, but believing in Jesus to save him.

He puts his faith into action by confessing his sin and asking the King for mercy.

May we also graciously intercede for others. And may our gracious actions be so appealing, that others make an appeal of faith (cf. Mt 5:16).

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3-22-23 BIble Study Slides Luke 23_32-43

Bibliography

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  • Bock, Darrell L. Luke. The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House, 1996.
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  • Morris, Leon. Luke: An Introduction and Commentary. Vol. 3. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1988.
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  • Myers, Allen C. The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1987.
  • Reiling, J., and J. L. Swellengrebel. A Handbook on the Gospel of Luke. UBS Handbook Series. New York: United Bible Societies, 1993. [UBS]
  • Schreiner, Thomas R. “Luke.” In Evangelical Commentary on the Bible, 3:799–839. Baker Reference Library. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1995.
  • Silva, Moisés, ed. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2014.
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  • Strobel, Lee. The Case for Christ: A Journalist’s Personal Investigation of the Evidence for Jesus. Zondervan. Kindle Edition, 1998.
  • Wilcock, Michael. The Savior of the World: The Message of Luke’s Gospel. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1979.
About @DannyScottonJr 456 Articles
Imperfect Servant ✝?⛪ | Husband | Princeton U. Alum | M. Div. | Assistant (to the) Pastor | Sound Doctrine & Apologetics @catchforchrist