Did Jesus Just Want to Keep the (Wedding) Party Going?
Or was there perhaps more significance to this
miracle sign (Jn 2:1-11)? Given the context and Old Testament allusions, I argue that Jesus is giving a messianic taste of what’s to come. As one scholar notes, “He changes water of Judaism into the wine of Christianity” (Morris, 155).
In doing so, He gives a preview of the new messianic wine (Jer 31:12; Joel 3:18; Amos 9:13-14; Is 25:6; Hos 14:7). and the messianic wedding/wedding banquet (OT: Hos 2:19f.; Is 54:4-8; Is 62:5; NT: Mt 22:1f., Mt 25:1f.; Mk 2:19-20; Rev 19:7-9; Eph 5:25) — which, in the end times, will be enjoyed by all who put their faith (i.e., active trust) in Christ (cf. Jn 3:16. etc).
- More than just a miraculous account; it’s an epiphany of Jesus’ glory
- Jesus is not going to let anyone – no matter how close – interfere with His mission and His coming hour. His relationship with the Father is primary
- Scripture does not necessarily condemn drinking (cf. 1 Tim 5:23), but drunkenness (Eph 5:18; Prov 23:20-21)
- Jesus’ first sign demonstrates how The Old is fulfilled by the New (grace in place of grace cf. Jn 1:16)
During the presentation, I embedded an edited version of this clip of a mother hitting her child with a sandal from a distance with pinpoint accuracy. I was referring to how my mother would probably beat me as a child if I ever referred to her as “Woman” 😁. Of course, calling someone “woman” (Jn 2:4) (γυνή | gynē)1 did not have the same sting as it does in our culture.
In any case:
Greek Text (UBS5)
2 Καὶ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τρίτῃ γάμος ἐγένετο ἐν Κανὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας, καὶ ἦν ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ἐκεῖ 2 ἐκλήθη δὲ καὶ ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν γάμον. 3 καὶ ὑστερήσαντος οἴνου λέγει ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ πρὸς αὐτόν, Οἶνον οὐκ ἔχουσιν. 4 [καὶ] λέγει αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς, Τί ἐμοὶ καὶ σοί, γύναι; οὔπω ἥκει ἡ ὥρα μου. 5 λέγει ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ τοῖς διακόνοις, Ὅ τι ἂν λέγῃ ὑμῖν ποιήσατε.
6 ἦσαν δὲ ἐκεῖ λίθιναι ὑδρίαι ἓξ κατὰ τὸν καθαρισμὸν τῶν Ἰουδαίων κείμεναι, χωροῦσαι ἀνὰ μετρητὰς δύο ἢ τρεῖς. 7 λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς, Γεμίσατε τὰς ὑδρίας ὕδατος. καὶ ἐγέμισαν αὐτὰς ἕως ἄνω. 8 καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς, Ἀντλήσατε νῦν καὶ φέρετε τῷ ἀρχιτρικλίνῳ οἱ δὲ ἤνεγκαν.
9 ὡς δὲ ἐγεύσατο ὁ ἀρχιτρίκλινος τὸ ὕδωρ οἶνον γεγενημένον καὶ οὐκ ᾔδει πόθεν ἐστίν, οἱ δὲ διάκονοι ᾔδεισαν οἱ ἠντληκότες τὸ ὕδωρ, φωνεῖ τὸν νυμφίον ὁ ἀρχιτρίκλινος 10 καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ, Πᾶς ἄνθρωπος πρῶτον τὸν καλὸν οἶνον τίθησιν καὶ ὅταν μεθυσθῶσιν τὸν ἐλάσσω· σὺ τετήρηκας τὸν καλὸν οἶνον ἕως ἄρτι.
11 Ταύτην ἐποίησεν ἀρχὴν τῶν σημείων ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐν Κανὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ ἐφανέρωσεν τὴν δόξαν αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἐπίστευσαν εἰς αὐτὸν οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ.2
1 On the third day, there was a wedding in Canaan of Galilee. 2 The mother of Jesus was there and both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to Him, “They have no wine.” 4 Jesus said to her, “What’s it to me and you, Woman? My time has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever He tells you.”
6 Now there were six stone jars of water for the Jewish purification rites there, each holding 20 to 30 gallons. 7 Jesus said to them, “Fill the water jars with water.” They filled them to the brim. 8 And He said to them, “Now draw some water out and take it to the master of the banquet.” So they brought it.
9 When the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine, and he did not know from where it came (though the servants who had drawn out the water knew), the master of the banquet called the bridegroom over. 10 He said to him, Everyone serves the good wine first. Then, when people become buzzed, they serve the inferior wine. You have saved the good wine till now.
11 This was the first of the signs Jesus performed in Canaan in Galilee. He revealed His glory, and His disciples believed in Him
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